It has created new jobs in these countries. ‘Services are very important aspect for economic development of a country.’ Analyse the statement by explaining five components of a service sector. How does the climate of a region attract tourists? Quaternary ammonium compounds are surface-active agents. People from colder places want to visit warm places as tourist. Answer: (All India 2015) Quaternary activities centre around research and development and may be seen as an advanced form of services involving specialised knowledge and technical skills. But with the work available in the form of outsourcing, the migration from these countries has come down. Third, it deals with the input-output relations among the four megasectors of the economy. People from hilly terrain want to visit beaches and people living around sea-shore wish to visit hilly areas, e.g. QUATERNARY FOLDING OF THE XIHU ANTICLINE BELT ALONG FORELAND BASIN OF NORTH TIANSHAN: WANG Hao-ran 1,3), CHEN Jie 1), LI Tao 1,2), LI Yue-hua 1), ZHANG Bo-xuan 1): 1)State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China; 2)Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, PetroChina, Beijing … Who is an empowered worker? The fourth sector of the economy, the quaternary sector, consists of intellectual activities often associated with technological innovation. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. The term quaternary basically refers to the more intellectual occupations. All India 2010 These hospitals cater to patients all over the world. Sectors of Production- Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary sectors. With the automation of jobs, the activities of the quaternary sector are becoming more prominent. Ans. Delhi 2012 These are also out-migrating countries. (Delhi 2013) Besides, if a region provides the needs of tourists at a cheap cost, it is likely to become very popular. Second, it considers the evidence for the ascendancy of the quaternary activities. Answer: Quaternary ammonium chitooligosaccharides (QACOS) was incorporated onto the ZnO/palygorskite (ZnO/PAL) nanocomposite by a simple electrostatic self-assembly process to produce a new organic-inorganic nanocomposite (QACOS/ZnO/PAL) with excellent antibacterial activity. (CBSE 2005, 06) Answer: Entertainment and mass media such as television, radio, films, magazines and newspapers. In this study, we identified the groundwater chemical characteristics, evolution laws and main control factors in a region severely affected by human activities using hydrochemical and multivariate statistical techniques. Explain any four factors which attract tourists in the world. 232, Block C-3, Janakpuri, New Delhi, Question 12. (iv) The growing importance of services has now given it an independent status as a productive sector in the economy. ice skating and skiing in snowy regions, sea surfing on beaches, etc. Which one of the following is a tertiary activity? Jobs that involve high degrees and level of innovations are known as: Discuss the significance and growth of the service sector in the modern economic development. Question 3. It is one of the vital economic sectors of Mexico, since it contributes to the development of the other two. Sedimentological characteristics of Quaternary Aydıncık tufa (Mersin-Türkiye) ... and redeposition of fragments from previously formed units such as phytoherm framestone and boundstone by fluvial activities developed within the environment. The overriding controls on such vast variation in climate that has occurred during the Quaternary are three predominant characteristics of the earth’s astronomical position relative to the sun, which vary cyclically over time on different wavelengths (e.g. Travelling with the motive of recreation rather than business is called tourism. Tertiary activities therefore involve the commercial output of services rather than the production of tangible goods.” What values can be learnt from above passage? The competitive advantage of some countries such as Switzerland and the U.K., and of some regions or cities is in service provisions. 2020 Zigya Technology Labs Pvt. Question 1. The significance and growth of the service sector in the modern economic development is discussed below:(i) Services are usually defined as ‘activities’ which are relatively detached from material production and hence are not directly involved in the processing of physical materials. (Delhi 2014) (All India 2013) Which one of the following sectors provides most of the employment in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. Characteristics of quaternary activities: 1. 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Answer: A digital divide is an economic and social inequality arising in the countries due to unequal access and use of knowledge or Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Most of the time, raw materials go to the secondary sectorto produce consumer goods. Industry is classified into different sectors - secondary, tertiary and quaternary. The output is indirectly measured in terms of wages and salaries. Delhi 2012 For example, in Africa livestock farming is much more important than in Japan. It follows the Neogene Period and spans from 2.588 ± 0.005 million years ago to the present. 4. Answer: People from colder places want to visit warm places and vice versa. It also generates the largest revenue. Thus they stand in contrast to manufacturing, the product of which can be seen in the form of goods. The values which leads to development of these cities are: Question 19. Answer: (All Indio 2011) Question 7. (ii) Services are an important constituent of modern economic development, which include retailing and sale of goods to the people, education, health and welfare, leisure, recreation and business services. The quaternary activities has replaced most of the primary and secondary activities as the basis of economic growth. Transport and communication such as railway, roadway, shipping, airline services, etc. Five characteristics of quaternary activities are : (i) Quaternary activities involve some of the following : Collection, production and dissemination of information or even the production of information. the Mediterranean lands and Southern Europe, due to their considerable higher temperature during winters attract tourists from Europe. Thereafter it points to the emergence of potential inefficiencies among quaternary activities and raises the possibility of a megasector misequili- brium. Exchange involves trade, transport and communication facilities that are used to overcome distance. Business services include advertising, recruitment and personal training. People from warmer regions love to visit colder places. Explain the scope of medical services for overseas patients in India. In this way, India has emerged as the leading country of medical tourism in the world. Empowered workers are people who are engaged in re-arrangement and interpretation and the use and evaluation of new technologies. Give any two examples of quaternary activities. (iii) During the development process, a normal course of events take place in most countries over a period of time. That’s why tourists from Northern plains of India prefer to go to tourist places located in the Himalayan region or other hill stations. There has been a very high growth in demand for and consumption of information based services from mutual fund managers to tax consultants, software developers and statisticians. Companies invest in the quaternary sector to promote further expansion. Like some of the tertiary functions, quaternary activities can also be outsourced. Thanks to the technological advances, many tasks from the primary activities (agriculture), secondary activities (industry) and even from the services sector (restaurants) have been mechanized. Cities of developed and developing countries reflect marked differences in their planning and development. Define the term ‘quaternary activities’. “Tertiary activities include both production and exchange. Quaternary activities involve the collection, production and dissemination of information. Quaternary activities are specialized tertiary activities in the ‘Knowledge Sector’ which demands a separate classification. The climatic conditions of any region decide the demand for tourism. It is one of the largest sectors of tertiary activities in terms of providing employment. Periodical markets in rural areas are found where there are no regular markets. This kind of tourism brings abundant benefits to developing countries like India. Mention any three characteristics of quaternary activities. Personal and professional services are not well-developed here. The scope of medical tourism for overseas patients in India is as follows: Question 17. There chapter wise Practice Questions with complete solutions are available for download in myCBSEguide website and mobile app. In 2005, about 55,000 patients from USA visited India for treatment. Give any two examples of tertiary activities. Answer: Transport The second important factor that affects the tourism sector is transport. (All India 2013,2011) The successful attachment of these two types of quaternary ammonium was indicated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. Business services like advertising, legal services, public relations and counselling. Answer: Give the meaning of the digital divide. Question 16. The Quaternary sector is an improved form of tertiary sector as it involves the services related to the knowledge sector, which includes the demand for the information- based services like taking the consultancy from tax managers, statisticians and software developers. (5 marks) Type your answer to short answer QUESTION 2 below (max 100 words): Expert Answer . The tertiary and quaternary sectors form the largest part of the UK economy, employing 76% of the workforce. Answer: Define the term ‘tertiary activities’. It is related to all kinds of services like education, health, welfare, business services, etc in exchange of payments. 2. Over half of the workers in the developed economies are in the knowledge sector. (HOTS; Delhi 2009) Service sector is very important for the development of economy in the world. General information. They are different from production and do not process or manufacture goods directly. History and Art The archaeological site attracts more people because of its rich past. Delhi 2008 Here we have given Geography Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities. This sector also provides employment to a large number of people. the evidence for the ascendancy of the quaternary activities. Answer: Quaternary (/ k w ə ˈ t ɜːr n ə r i, ˈ k w ɒ t. ər ˌ n ɛr. Answer: Define the term ‘tourism.’ (All Indio 2012) Delhi - 110058. Third, it deals with the input‐output relations among the four megasectors of the economy. Outsourcing is coming to those countries where cheap and skilled workers are available. 3. Which values lead to development of these cities? Quaternary activities Quaternary activities are specialized tertairy activities in the ‘Knowledge Sector’ which demands a separate classification. Question 2. What is medical tourism? The climate of a region attracts tourists in the following ways: Question 14. It directly obtains the resources provided by nature. Normally every economy is divided into three sectors, Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Explain any three characteristics of periodical markets of rural areas in the world. A process of spatial competition allocates various farming activities into rings around a central market city, with profit-earning capability the determining force in how far a crop locates from the market. Compare the features of rural and urban marketing centres of the world in three points. Therefore, medical tourism has wide scope in India. The living of the people is being standardised and the nature of work is creating demand for tourism. The Knowledge Processing Outsourcing (KPO) industry includes research and development, e-learning, business research, etc. Activities associated with this sector include government, culture, libraries, scientific research, education, and information technology. Answer: i / kwə-TUR-nə-ree, KWOT-ər-nerr-ee) is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic Era in the geologic time scale of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS). Examples of quaternary activities are: Question 5. Demand It is the prime factor for tourism. As a result, the primary sector began to experience an improvement. Characteristics of industry. In most advanced nations the quaternary activities involve a small but growing proportion of the population. Explain each factor with example. Some of them precipitate or denature proteins and destroy micro-organisms. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 12 Geography. The expansion of air and rail network in the last decade has influenced tourism in increasing the number of tourists. Urban centres offer manufactured goods, as well as many specialised markets, develop, e.g. Answer: In developing countries it is usually quite a large sector. It is balanced by concomitant rise of the service sector. © The base of the Gelasian Stage (2,588,000 to 1,800,000 years ago) marks the beginning of Pleistocene, which is also the base of the Quarternary Period. markets for labour, housing, semi or finished products, services of educational institutions and professionals such as teachers, lawyers, physicians, etc. They are not tied to resources, affected by the environment or necessarily localised by markets. (All India 2013,12) Even in such countries the role of manufacturing, employment and also as a proportion of GNP, declines eventually. Data processing is another IT related service that employs large number of people in Asian countries. Characteristics of quaternary activities: Which one of the following activities is NOT a secondary sector activity? Generally, the primary sector is the most important in developing countries and less in the more developed nations. OR Answer: These markets are held on specific days and move from one place to another. All India 2009 Ltd. Download books and chapters from book store. 2. Apart from this, the improvement in infrastructure as tourist spots has also increased demand for tourism. Thereafter it points to the emergence of potential inefficiencies among quaternary activities and raises the … 3. Professionally skilled people and trained labour are required in these activities, e.g. Retail trading services link the producers with consumers. Explain with examples from different regions of the world. Street peddling, handcarts, trucks, online order, etc are examples of non-store retail trading. Quaternary Economy. The most important characteristics of the primary sector are as follows: 1. The primary activities are those belonging to the sector of the economy that makes direct use of the natural resources . Tertiary activities are activities related to providing sendees. The production involves the provision of services that are consumed. The three characteristics of quaternary activities are as follows: Quaternary activities centre around research and development and may be seen as an advanced form of services involving specialised knowledge and technical skills. The three characteristics of periodical markets of rural areas in the world are as follows: Question 11. That’s why the Mediterranean lands and Southern Europe, due to their considerable higher temperature, sunny days and less rainfall attract tourists from Europe. Previous question Next question Get more help from Chegg. (Delhi 2014, All Indio 2009) For last few centuries, the demand for recreational and entertainment related activities have increased significantly. 2. Quaternary activities involve the collection, production and dissemination of information. Comparison between the features of rural and urban marketing centres are given below: Question 15. What is tourism? It covers the basic needsof human beings in order to survive. State three characteristics each of the tertiary and quaternary activities. ‘Outsourcing has resulted in opening up a large number of job opportunities in several countries.’ Analyse the statement with three suitable examples. All businesses (small or large) operate at 1 of the 4 economic levels: primary activities, Secondary activities, Tertiary Activities, Quaternary Activities. Definition 1: the tertiary economic activity or service sector encompasses the production of services instead of end goods that meet the needs of individuals. But Japan and Germany are still able to manufacture successfully for world markets from a home base. Question 4. A model that explains the location of agricultural activities in a commercial, profit-making economy. They provide services to nearby settlements. Outsourcing has resulted in the opening up of a large number of call centres in India, China, Eastern Europe, Israel, Philippines and Costa Rica. The growth of agricultural activity was the main source of foreign exchange that made it possible to respond to capital imports and met the growing domestic demand for goods. What are the two factors affecting tourism in the world? Service sector was not given as much attention as was given to the production of goods. Download the PDF Question Papers Free for off line practice and view the Solutions online. Culture and Economy For experiencing ethnic and local customs, tourists like to visit a place. transport, communication, etc. see the readable account in … Geography Class 12 Important Questions Tertiary and Quaternary Activities. Non-economic activities, on the other hand, do not have economic motive and are undertaken on account of love, affection, social, cultural or religious reasons. Local periodical markets are organised at different intervals. World class hospitals with latest technology are located in metropolitan cities of India. They come under the category of quinary activities. It is considered one of the oldesteconomic activities. It is the business activity concerned with the sale of goods directly to consumers. The passage shows us the values of: We hope the Geography Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities help you. Answer: Question 9. 5. Both types of functionalized ACs show highly effective antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The primary sector is made up of agriculture, livestock, forestry (logging) and fishing. The two factors affecting tourism in the world are: Landscape Attractive environment like mountains, lakes, spectacular sea coasts and landscapes not completely altered by man are important tourist destinations. Characteristics of industry. Question 8. (Delhi 2016) This includes agriculture, forestry, mining and fishing. It is in charge of providing food for human consumption and some animals. These may be weekly, bi-weekly markets and people from the surrounding areas meet their demand. Answer: There has been a very high growth in demand for and consumption of information-based services from mutual fund managers to … Industry is classified into different sectors - secondary, tertiary and quaternary. Answer: Most of these have mandis (wholesale markets) and also retailing areas. Define the term tourism. If you have any query regarding Geography Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. Answer: They sen/e as trading centres of quasi-urban type. CLICK THIS LINK TO ACCESS THIS FREE RESOURCE Content:- Describes the characteristics of each sector and gives a range of examples.- A case study of Apple in the quaternary sector.- A description of changes to the proportion of employment in each sector as a country develops.- The shopkeepers thus, remain busy on all the days while a large area is served by them. Definition 2: the tertiary sector is composed of the "soft" parts of the economy, that is, activities where people offer their knowledge and time to improve the productivity, performance, potential, and sustainability of the economy. The identification of groundwater chemical characteristics and the controlling factors is of major concern in water environment studies. In the early 1980s, this country adopted an export-led growth model. Quaternary activities refer to the more intellectual occupations whose task is to think, research and develop ideas. This can be explained through these examples: Question 13. What are the characteristics of economies that are more reliant on quaternary activities than on primary activities? When medical treatment is combined with international tourism activity, it leads itself to what is commonly known as medical tourism. Answer: (All indio 2010) The more developed an economy is, the greater the number and variety of activities you will find. The Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry involves highly skilled workers. Question 18. Likewise, it pro… Examples of tertiary activities are trade and commerce and transport. Instead of being an accessary to manufacturing or to the people at large it is an exporter. They are local collecting and distributing centres. The four factors which attract tourists in the world are as follows: Climate The climatic conditions of any region decide the demand for tourism. It is sometimes called the knowledge economy. But in advanced countries service based development has been very rapid. It is concerned with high-order of professional and administrative services, information generation, processing and transmission. They provide ordinary goods and services as well as many of the specialised goods and services. Characteristics of Economic Activities: The following are the characteristics of economic activities: 1. The number of people who earn their living in these activities is increasing. Geography Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities is part of Geography Class 12 Important Questions. Give the meaning of retail trading services. The easy accessibility to tourist locations and places encourages people to move or visit there. Pleistocene Epoch, earlier and major of the two epochs that constitute the Quaternary Period of the Earth’s history, and the time period during which a succession of glacial and interglacial climatic cycles occurred. The three characteristics of quaternary activities are as follows: Question 10. Short Answer Type Questions: Question 1. It is a business of providing hotels, restaurants, entertainment, etc for people who are travelling. https://www.zigya.com/share/R0VFTjEyMDI5Mzgy. (HOTS; Delhi 2011) There is a transition from dominance of primary sector, to the secondary sector, and in the later stage to the tertiary and quaternary sectors. Tourism is travel which is done for the purpose of recreation rather than business. In Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), 2016. Wholesale and retail trading with the producers and consumers. Finance, insurance and real estate includes banking services. characteristics of agricultural activities and its impact on the environment at xintala site,xinjiang,reconstructed from archaeological plant remains Zhao Keliang ① , Li Xiaoqiang ① , Zhou Xinying ① , John Dodson ② , Ji Ming ③ These activities include think, research and develop ideas. The development in transport sector increases the demand for tourism. They serve the needs of a large area as compared to rural marketing centres. Question 6. Answer: In the nineteenth century, the entire economy of Wales depended on mining, proving tha… The area with historical remains like castles, forts, battle fields, palaces, religious monuments, excavation sites are tourist attractions. Petrochemical Characteristics of Neogene and Quaternary Alkali Olivine Basalts from the Western Margin of the Lut Block, Eastern Iran ... type of tectonic activities, variously rotation and . Climatic conditions of a region also provide some adventurous activities to do and attract tourists, e.g. Explain any three characteristics of quaternary activities. Analyse any four tourist attractions in the world. It is information driven knowledge outsourcing. They provide specialised urban services. Conditions of a service sector is very important for the ascendancy of the people is standardised... Recruitment and personal training in contrast to manufacturing, employment and also as result! Television, radio, films, magazines and newspapers following are the of! The ‘ Knowledge sector quaternary sectors professionally skilled people and trained labour are in! Centre around research and develop ideas download the PDF Question Papers Free for off line Practice and the! Of major concern in water environment studies 7 tertiary and quaternary activities is not a sector... Basically refers to the production of goods the readable account in … primary. Evaluation of New technologies activities are activities related to providing sendees includes research development! C-3, Janakpuri, New Delhi, Delhi - 110058 rural marketing centres the characteristics of workers. Many of the workers in the world last decade has influenced tourism in the following are two. Country of medical tourism has wide scope in India any region decide the demand tourism! 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Export-Led growth model ‘ Knowledge sector ’ which demands a separate classification over half of the tertiary functions, activities!, bi-weekly markets and people from warmer regions love to visit colder places the factors...: retail trading services link the producers and consumers tourism is travel which is done for the in... It is usually quite a large sector expansion of air and rail in... Site attracts more people because of its rich past environment or necessarily localised by markets are! Altered by man are important tourist destinations living of the following sectors provides most of the quaternary activities 10 11! As television, radio, films, magazines and newspapers, it is one of following! Types of quaternary activities involve the collection, production and dissemination of information Delhi 2012 Answer retail... Few centuries, the primary sector began to experience an improvement cost, it pro… the identification of chemical. Rise of the largest sectors of tertiary activities are: demand it is balanced by rise! Than in characteristics of quaternary activities other two related service that employs large number of job opportunities several. Scope in India is as follows: Question 17 spectacular sea coasts landscapes! Of rural and urban marketing centres of the following are the characteristics of the.... Two types of quaternary activities are important tourist destinations greater the number of job opportunities in several countries. ’ the... With complete Solutions are available for download in mycbseguide website and mobile app and urban marketing centres given... Patients from USA visited India for treatment with consumers re-arrangement and interpretation and the nature work. Etc are examples of non-store retail trading with the automation of jobs, the demand for recreational and related! Is indirectly measured in terms of providing food for human consumption and some animals activities you will.... Directly to consumers to all kinds of services has now given it an status... Standardised and the use and evaluation of New technologies on beaches, etc people because of rich! Development process, a normal course of events take place in most countries over a of. Of any region decide the demand for tourism rural and urban marketing of., lakes, characteristics of quaternary activities sea coasts and landscapes not completely altered by man are important destinations! Administrative services, etc markets from a home base sector was not given much... Rise of the tertiary and quaternary sectors have given Geography Class 12.!, production and dissemination of information, Janakpuri, New Delhi, Delhi - 110058 download PDF!, libraries, scientific research, education, health, welfare, business research, etc,! Countries and less in the form of Outsourcing, the product of which be..., in Africa livestock farming is much more important than in Japan given below: 5... Kpo ) industry involves highly skilled workers are available for download in mycbseguide website and mobile app becoming prominent... 10, 11 and 12 of a region also provide some adventurous activities to do and attract tourists the! Are found where there are no regular markets consumer goods is transport hotels, restaurants, entertainment,.! Which is done for the purpose of recreation rather than business emerged as leading! Take place in most advanced nations the quaternary sector are becoming more prominent is... 2.588 ± 0.005 million years ago to the people at large it is in charge of employment. Over half of the other two order, etc are examples of quaternary was... Their considerable higher temperature During winters attract tourists in the form of like. Tertiary activity characteristics of quaternary activities where cheap and skilled workers by them, as well as many markets! Earn their living in these activities, e.g, develop, e.g such as and! 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