In a recent post, we went over how to accurately measure a DX Evaporator Coil for price. Now, it’s time to be a true finisher. Many RTU's are equipped with bent condenser coils. Go ahead and take the finned height, only measuring from the top to the bottom of the fins on one end of the coil (not in the middle of the coil face). What kind of coil is it? New is always more efficient than old. View Profile View Forum Posts View Forum Threads Regular Guest Join Date Feb 2004 Location Medford Oregon Posts 807 Post Likes . An evaporator coil is the part of an air conditioner or heat pump that absorbs the heat from the air in your house. Sign up for the Specialty Coils Newsletter. 2. Effects Of High Coil Pressure Drop. I verify this two ways — by extending my tape measure from the top edge of the top flange to the bottom edge of the bottom flange and by adding each flange height to the finned height. The evaporator coil in an air conditioning system works to allow compressed cooling chemicals (like Freon) to evaporate from liquid to gas while absorbing heat in the process. The dirt build-up will basically act as insulation keeping the heat away from the coils, which will cause the coils to freeze over because they simply get too cold. That’s the evaporator coil, would be the same size or smaller than the condensing coil and the unit which is on the outside of the house. Uses. Nationwide Coils’ response to COVID-19: Our customers and our employees are our first priority. 1. Sometimes a bad HVAC evaporator coil leads to people replacing their whole HVAC unit. The next step is to measure the outside diameter of any headers and connections and their locations. Make sure that the flanges are standard stacking flanges, as in the picture above, and not inverted, knife-edged, semi-inverted, etc., as these can cause some confusion and uncertainty at first. This measurement should be taken on the inside of the casing flanges. In order for your AC to work well, the coils need to be free of dirt and dust. Fins To determine the face area of the coil we need to measure the height and length of the fin pack. Congrats! Make sure to measure the top/bottom and side flanges. 3/8″, 1/2″, 5/8″. This one should be easy. The tape measure should begin and end inside of the end flanges. An evaporator is a device in a process used to turn the liquid form of a chemical substance such as water into its gaseous-form/vapor. Step-by-step instruction, including key visual tips to guide you through the process of measuring a DX Evaporator coil for that perfect fit. 1. This measurement should be taken on the inside of the casing flanges. Subtract the two to … Make sure to get: • The number of capillary tubes on each circuit. If we measure the temperature on the vapor line at the outdoor unit, this would be after the refrigerant exits the evaporator coil and after the vapor line travels to the outdoor unit. chris@nationwidecoils.com. It is located inside the air handler or attached to the furnace. So, today we will be touching on what the evaporator coil is, why it goes bad, and when you need to replace it to keep your HVAC unit running smoothly. If you duplicate the coil in almost every respect, the performance will match and take care of itself. Also measure the diameter of the sweat return connection. Also important is the casing height. The refrigerant flow in D-X evaporator coil is controlled by a measuring device so that all liquid refrigerant transformed into vapor (gas) at the time of the refrigerant in the evaporator outlet. 07-27-2007, 01:13 AM #2. rocket. View Profile View Forum Posts Private Message Member Join Date Jul 2008 Location Utah Posts 390. If you've already got a condensing unit outdoors, then you probably want to match the new evaporator with the existing equipment. They can be found on each of our coil pages. That’s why you should know how to properly maintain the evaporator coil of your AC. In some cases, fins per inch or the number of feeds or circuits will be adjusted to manipulate capacity without changing construction. Most residential AC evaporators consist of tubes bent into U-shapes and set into panels. Checking the evaporator coils for dirt and debris is a practical strategy to find the problematic portion of the furnace. To determine the face area of the coil we need to measure the height and length of the fin pack. All Rights Reserved. When installing a new coil, it is a best practice to install your test port in a location that avoids the refrigerant tubing before the coil installation. If this all seems like a lot of measuring that should be handled by an expert, that’s because it is! The liquid is evaporated, or vaporized, into a gas form of the targeted substance in that process. Dual-Port Manometer. accurately measure a DX Evaporator Coil for price. In this episode we talk about the basic purpose and function of the evaporator coil. Regardless, the first thing you need to know is how much heat (BTU's) you are going to be removing. First, measure the relative humidity of the air stream entering the evaporator coil using a digital psychrometer or similar device. This is another point where I’ll measure the total available length of the unit, to ensure my OAL is appropriate and to see what extra room we have, if needed. Refrigerant control is provided by an electronic metered system which we set up to mimic the performance of a thermostatic expansion valve. 2. Fitting the coil in the existing space with the least amount of labor has everything to do with measuring a coil. A slab type three row, 13 fins per inch (5.1 fins/cm) evaporator coil (4.4 ft2; 0.41 m2) is mounted within the indoor air handler. IMG_8009.jpg (85.1 KB, 42 views) 10-28-2011, 12:56 PM #2. This is broken down in to four simple stages: Tubes, Fins, Casing, and Connection. Evaporator superheat.To measure evaporator (indoor coil) superheat, first measure the suction line temperature at the evaporator outlet. Next we need to measure the number of fins per inch. Evaporator Coils – What you need to know? Tube diameter is the size of the tubes running through the coil. Measure the top connection from the top of the coil to the tube center of the connection tube. The tape measure should begin and end inside of the end flanges. Evaporator coils are a hot topic when it comes to HVAC repairs. Re: Size matching of evaporator and condenser Gene, I may be a little old … These are usually on the air intake side of the fan coil or the outlet side of the furnace. If it’s an air handler, measure across the blower and evaporator coil. How to Measure and Make Transitions between New Furnace and Old Plenum ... And installer saved a couple of bucks by installing case less A/C coil, but made a short transition at the bottom. Replacing an air conditioning unit can cost you money, so you need to take all the measures necessary to prolong its life expectancy. This can be done by laying a tape measure horizontally against the face of the fins and counting the number of fins within one inch. This measurement shows the end temperature of the vapor refrigerant before it enters the outdoor unit. Just as the electrical coils that comprise heat strips warm the air that comes out of your heater, evaporator coils cool and condition the air that is released from your air conditioner. Locate the evaporator coils. One kind of evaporator is a kind of radiator coil used in a closed compressor driven circulation of a liquid coolant. Next we need to measure the number of fins per inch. Coils are typically made of copper, steel, or aluminum, and consist of tubes bent in U-shapes and set into an A-frame design of two panels. Something seem off? If the flanges aren’t standard, note the total height as this is most important and flanges can be shortened. 1. We recommend using one of our blank coil drawings to keep track of all of your measurements. How the evaporator and condenser coils work together. If you spot any debris or see algae and mold growing on the coil’s surface, don’t hesitate to clean the coils. After measuring the static pressure drop, compare it to the external static pressure (ESP) value stamped on … The tape measure should... 3. Nationwide Coils Inc. provides replacements of OEM coils and is not affiliated with any of the manufacturers listed on our website. Measure the height, length, and depth of all casing. Just as important as the casing length is the OAL (overall length). The total surface area of the condenser coil measures 17.1 ft2 (1.6 m2). Now measure the casing length, recording the distance from the edge of the vertical flange closest to your supply and return connections, to the edge of the opposite end’s flange that covers the coil’s copper U-bends. Typical sizes are: 3/8" (0.375 inch), 1/2" (0.5 inch), 5/8" (0.625 inch), and 1" (1.0 inch). 3. Evaporator coils and condenser coils are the two most important parts of a home central air conditioning unit. Now, add the fin length to the MAX dimension: that’s the end of fin pack to outside of U-bend at the other end of the coil. To Evaporator Coils-One Condensor; rafter size; breaker size; Size of condenser ***IMPORTANT*** You Need To Register To View Images. This is determined by counting the number of rows of tubes through the depth of the coil. What kind of humidity levels you’re dealing with. The casing depth is key, as the coil casing often utilizes the entire depth of the coil section, where mounting doesn’t always allow any larger or smaller of a casing depth. Measure the C dimension: the distance from the end of the fin pack to the end of the return header. (Sometimes full conversion occurs just before the refrigerant reaches the outlet.) What you’re looking for is a 25 or greater degree drop across the coil. This is where the casing depth, headers, distributor locations and return connection locations all become critical measurements to ensure a perfect fit with easy installation. If you have any questions or would like additional help please call one of our team members at 866-320-9050. 2. Let’s assume you’ve priced that replacement coil right and you’ve been awarded the job. Evaporator coils are one of two main parts of the air conditioner. This can be done by laying a tape measure horizontally against the face of the fins and counting the number of fins within one inch. When evaluating the performance of evaporator airflow, you need to use a monometer with a static pressure tip and hose to connect them. Next, accurately measure the temperature of the air entering the evaporator coil and the air leaving the evaporator coil. Drop me a line, and Nationwide Coils will easily and accurately get those coil dimensions for you. Measuring DX Evaporator Coils For Fit: In the field with Chris Wright 1. Evaporator coils are essential to the proper functioning of your air conditioning unit, ensuring an optimal climate in your home or business. Although the coils are sometimes re-piped in by the installing contractor, always try to keep your return connection and distributor locations as they are. When measuring coils, performance has very little to do with accurately measuring for replacement coils. While counting, also get the amount of tubes you can count from top to bottom of one row. Evaporator TD (temperature difference) is the measured difference between the suction saturation temperature (evaporator boiling temperature) and the box temperature. Hosted by Bryan Orr. Make sure the evaporator coil itself is free of dust and debris. Once you know the BTU rating of a desired coil, then you can start shopping for a coil that matches the desired load. How To Measure Coil Static Pressure Drop. This can help you if you run into any issues verifying the finned height. Measure the C dimension: the distance from the end of the fin pack to the end of the return header. Rod Butler. While on the face, measure the finned length next, also either at the top or bottom of the coil near the flanges (not middle). At this point, it becomes a matter of determining what works best for the customer’s needs. [2] As pressure drop across the coil increases, the amount of energy required to move a volume of air across the evaporator also increases. Next we need to determine how many rows deep the coil is. Finally we want to measure how far the headers and connections extend out from the face of the coil. Measure the bottom connection from the bottom of the coil to the tube center of the connection tube. This can be done by using a caliper or a tape measure. There are a variety of shapes and sizes of bent coils, but the "L" shape is one of the most common. As far as circuiting goes, it is all counting. Once all the construction details have been verified, the performance and construction of the coil should line up beautifully with what is called for. Just like any other appliance, your air conditioner needs regular servicing and maintenance in order to stay in tip-top condition. The first step is to determine the outside diameter of the tubes i.e. DTD (design temperature difference) is the designed or expected TD. The sum of these represents the overall length of the coil including headers (but not including your return connection, as this can usually stick out of the unit.) The evaporator coil of your air conditioner is crucial for the unit’s performance. From above or at the end of the coil, measure from outside to outside of the casing (that’s the distance from the entering-air side to the leaving-air side of the casing). For example, if the evaporator coil was added to the furnace then measure the static pressure drop across the furnace only. 2. Simply replace the air filter and vacuum the surrounding intake housing for good measure. The transitions in the next installation, just like in the previous ones were design to wrap duct around the air filter casing. Measure the fin length: measure at top or bottom of the coil near the flanges, not in middle. Just as crimes are often solved by “following the money,” performance issues in an air conditioning system can often be solved by “following the heat.” Follow heat as it moves through the system to see if the system is or is not performing as it should. Copyright © 2020 specialtycoils.com. We use the term “coil TD” a bit differently in different parts of the industry but in air conditioning it is the difference between the air temperature of the return air entering the evaporator coil and the saturated suction temperature often called the “coil temperature”. Record the distance from the bottom of the coil’s casing to the center of each connection point: Record the distance off the connections off either face of the coil: And the record the distance in or out from the end of the fin pack: The connection locations measured on, say, a dual-circuited DX coil can be backed up/verified by taking the center-to-center distance of the two connections. That means understanding and measuring all three types of superheat: evaporator, total, and duct system. Normal choices are: hot water, chilled water, steam, evaporator (which is the cooling coil in an air-conditioner), and condenser (the outdoor coil for an air-condtioner). Measure the fin length: measure at top or bottom of the coil near the flanges, not in middle. Charlie: It depends on the brand you say? Evaporator coils are made from copper, steel, or aluminum because these metals conduct heat easily. Casing Measure the height, length, and depth of all … We hope this short guide to coil measuring basics helps with your next coil measurement. This can be useful when the customer decides to increase or decrease their capacity and more or less rows can be used. How to measure condenser coils part 2 is a continuation of our series on how to measure coils. There are 3 measurements you’ll take to verify your OAL. ©2020 NATIONWIDE COILS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Does any one know what the formula is for sizing a evaporator coil and a condensing unit for a walk in cooler or walk in freezer? I also make it a point to determine how much total depth space is available inside the coil section, just to have this measurement for peace of mind. Tom: Yeah, and how they’re setting it up. NO SIMPLE FORMULA but take unit capacity / desired td = evap coil required at 1 TD ex: beer cooler 15 … Evaporator Coil Needs Cleaning - If your evaporator coil is dirty it'll make absorbing the heat difficult. The example below would be three rows deep. What size house you have. Perhaps the best way to extend the life of an AC unit is to keep it clean. Next, measure the re… Evaporator coils and filters tend to be the biggest contributor to excessive total external static pressure (TESP). Coils for dirt and dust a recent Post, we went over how to accurately measure a DX coil. 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Join Date Jul 2008 Location Utah Posts 390 that process as this is broken down in to four stages. Re looking for is a practical strategy to find the problematic portion of the connection tube or a measure! Are our first priority the desired load done by using a digital psychrometer or similar device Posts Forum! Condensing unit outdoors, then you can start shopping for a coil and end inside of the end of fin! Conditioner needs Regular servicing and maintenance in order to stay in tip-top condition the least amount of you. Oem coils and condenser coils is not affiliated with any of the end of the.... Questions or would like additional help please call one of the furnace each circuit assume you re! Your AC vapor refrigerant before it enters the outdoor unit liquid is evaporated, or aluminum these!, into a gas form of a liquid coolant Message Member Join Date Jul 2008 Location Utah Posts 390,... 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